Folklore and Fairy Tales
The Cattleman and the Judge ~Folklore from Bosnia~
story noun [C]
UK /ˈstɔː.ri/ US /ˈstɔːr.i/
story noun [C] (DESCRIPTION)
A2 a description, either true or imagined, of a connected series of events:
Will you read/tell me a story, daddy?
Martha chose her favourite book of bedtime stories.
He writes children's stories.
I don't know if it's true but it's a good story (= entertaining to listen to although probably not true).
She gave me her version of what had happened, but it would be interesting to hear his half/side of the story (= the events as described by him).
Apparently his first words to her were "Will you marry me?" or so the story goes (= that is what people say happened).
C2 a lie:
He made up some story about having to be at his aunt's wedding anniversary.
nod verb [I or T]
UK /nɒd/ US /nɑːd/ -dd-
B2 to move your head down and then up, sometimes several times, especially to show agreement, approval, or greeting, or to show something by doing this:
Many people in the audience nodded in agreement.
When I suggested a walk, Elena nodded enthusiastically.
She looked up and nodded for me to come in.
Compare shake verb (MOVE)
UK /ʃeɪk/ US /ʃeɪk/
shook | shaken
shake verb (MOVE)
B1 [I or T] to move backwards and forwards or up and down in quick, short movements, or to make something or someone do this:
A young boy climbed into the apple tree and shook the branches so that the fruit fell down.
Babies like toys that make a noise when they're shaken.
The explosion shook buildings for miles around.
[+ obj + adj] People in southern California were shaken awake by an earthquake.
She shook her hair loose from its ribbon.
Anna shook some powdered chocolate over her coffee.
Every time one of these big trucks goes by, all the houses shake.
The child's body was shaking with sobs.
(from Cambridge Dictionary)
thin adjective UK /θɪn/ US /θɪn/
JAPAN TOUGHENS PENALTIES FOR ONLINE INSULTING
UK /ˈpiː.nəl/ US /ˈpiː.nəl/
penal adjective (PUNISHMENT)
[before noun] of or relating to punishment given by law:
Many people believe that execution has no place in the penal system of a civilized society.
He had been in and out of penal institutions (= prison) from the age of 16.
Japan's Diet has enacted legislation / to revise the Penal Code / by toughening penalties for online insults.