増田有華さんを応援しながら英語学習+α

増田有華ファンが英語学習に悪戦苦闘する日記

今井絢1級が女流棋士転向!etc.

本日の将棋棋戦

王位戦挑戦者決定リーグが開幕。
渡辺明名人が前期白組優勝者の池永天志五段に勝ち,
白星発進。棋王戦に向けて,いいスタートとなりました。
棋王戦予選,藤本渚四段が大石直嗣七段相手に,
負け将棋を大逆転勝ちして,デビュー以来の連勝を6に伸ばしました。
棋王戦予選,次は新人キラーの今泉健司五段相手なので,
ここを突破すれば,年度内全勝行けるような気がします。

今井絢1級が奨励会を退会して,女流棋士登録。
今井女流1級となりました。同志社大学在学なんですね。
なかなか女流棋士登録しないので,藤井聡太竜王のところへの
嫁入り準備でもう女流棋士にはならないのかと邪推していました(笑)。

www.shogi.or.jp

NHKラジオ講座

ニュースで学ぶ「現代英語」(2023年1月24日分)

野生動植物の違法取り引き急増
INTERPOL CRACKING DOWN ON ILLEGAL WILDLIFE, TIMBER TRADE

seize verb
UK /siːz/ US /siːz/
[T] If the police or other officials seize something, they take possession of it with legal authority:
Customs officers at Heathrow have seized 60 kilos of heroin.

trafficking noun [U]
UK /ˈtræf.ɪ.kɪŋ/ US /ˈtræf.ɪ.kɪŋ/
the act of buying or selling goods illegally:
arms/drug trafficking
He was wanted on charges of trafficking in stolen property.

seizure noun
UK /ˈsiː.ʒər/ US /ˈsiː.ʒɚ/
seizure noun (TAKING)
[C or U] the action of taking something by force or with legal authority:
seizure of power/property/control
Seizures of illicit drugs have increased by 30 percent this year.

tortoise noun [C]
UK /ˈtɔː.təs/ US /ˈtɔːr.t̬əs/
an animal with a thick, hard shell that it can move its head and legs into for protection. It eats plants, moves very slowly, and sleeps during the winter.

reptile noun [C]
UK /ˈrep.taɪl/ US /ˈrep.taɪl/
C1 an animal that produces eggs and uses the heat of the sun to keep its blood warm

alert noun
UK /əˈlɜːt/ US /əˈlɝːt/
C1 [C or U] a warning to people to be prepared to deal with something dangerous:
a bomb alert
The army was put on (full) alert as the peace talks began to fail.
The public were warned to be on the alert for (= watching carefully for) suspicious packages.

smuggling noun [U]
UK /ˈsmʌɡ.lɪŋ/ US /ˈsmʌɡ.lɪŋ/
the act or process of taking things or people to or from a place secretly and often illegally:
The murdered man is thought to have been involved in drug smuggling.
Nine people are in custody in the Netherlands charged with people smuggling.

「インターポール」と聞くと,「銭形警部」が浮かんでしまいます(笑)。
ルパン三世』での描写のために,インターポールについて,誤った印象を
持っているひとも多いハズ。

"Searches at an airport in Thailand resulted in the seizure of 81 tortoises found hidden in snack bags inside a passenger's luggage."

luggageという不可算名詞に不定冠詞aがついているけど,
「その場限りの特別感」を出すためなんだなあ。

www.romoeigo.com

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

Can We Predict Dust Storms? | January 31, 2023
We start this Tuesday on the ground in Ukraine where tanks are playing a central role in the ongoing war with Russia. And we'll discuss how support from the U.S. and other NATO countries has been celebrated and criticized. Next, we'll travel to the world's largest continuous sand desert to ask if dust storms can be predicted and if technology could be the answer to a problem that costs the Middle East billions each year.

www.youtube.com

NHK WORLD ASIAN VIEW

www3.nhk.or.jp

2023年1月31日分を聞きました。

2023年1月も終わり,明日からは2月に突入です。

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

竜王戦,小山アマが勝ち進む!etc.

本日の将棋棋戦

本日は白玲女流順位戦A級/B級の対局がありました。
西山朋佳女流二冠,伊藤沙恵女流名人は今週,番勝負を入れて3局ある一方で,
里見香奈女流五冠はまったく対局なしという1週間ですね。
今期,何故か西山女流二冠に強い加藤桃子女流三段が
西山女流二冠に土をつけて,西山女流二冠(1)が3勝1敗,
加藤女流三段(3)も3勝1敗。
伊藤女流名人(2)が上田初美女流四段(10)に勝ち,
単独首位の4勝0敗,上田女流四段は1勝3敗となりました。
加藤圭女流二段(5)が中井広恵女流六段(4)に勝ち,
2勝2敗,中井女流六段は初日出ず,0勝4敗。
中村真梨花女流三段(9)が甲斐智美女流五段(6)に勝ち,
2勝2敗,甲斐女流五段も2勝2敗。
山根ことみ女流二段(7)が渡部愛女流三段(8)に勝ち,
2勝2敗,渡部女流三段は1勝3敗となりました。

4勝0敗 伊藤女流名人(2)
3勝1敗 西山女流二冠(1), 加藤女流三段(3)
2勝2敗 加藤女流二段(5), 甲斐女流五段(6), 山根女流二段(7), 中村女流三段(9)
1勝3敗 渡部女流三段(8), 上田女流四段(10)
0勝4敗 中井女流六段(4)

なお,B級の香川愛生女流四段(6)vs岩根忍女流三段(7)戦は,
香川女流四段が勝ち,3勝1敗,岩根女流三段は0勝4敗となりました。

竜王戦6組ランキング戦,小山怜央アマが平藤眞吾七段に勝ちました。
本当に強いですね。2月13日の棋士編入試験第4局が楽しみですね。

NHKラジオ講座

ニュースで学ぶ「現代英語」(2023年1月23日分)

米下院議長選 投票15回目で決着
McCARTHY ELECTED U.S. HOUSE SPEAKER

standoff noun [C]
UK /ˈstænd.ɒf/ US /ˈstænd.ɑːf/
a situation in which agreement in an argument does not seem possible
Synonym stalemate
stalemate noun [C or U]
UK /ˈsteɪl.meɪt/ US /ˈsteɪl.meɪt/
a situation in which neither group involved in an argument can win or get an advantage and no action can be taken:
Tomorrow's meeting between the two leaders is expected to break a diplomatic stalemate that has lasted for ten years.
Despite long discussions, the workers and the management remain locked in stalemate.

Speaker noun [C]
UK /ˈspiː.kər/ US /ˈspiː.kɚ/
the person who controls the way in which business is done in an organization which makes laws:
He served for eight years as Speaker of the House of Representatives.
[as form of address] Mr Speaker, my honourable friend has failed to consider the consequences of his proposal.

chamber noun
UK /ˈtʃeɪm.bər/ US /ˈtʃeɪm.bɚ/
chamber noun (ROOM)
[C] formal
a room used for a special or official purpose, or a group of people who form (part of) a parliament:
Meetings of the council are held in the council chamber.
a torture chamber
There are two chambers in the British parliament - the House of Commons is the lower chamber, and the House of Lords is the upper chamber.

get off to a good start phrase
to begin an activity successfully:
I didn't get off to a very good start this morning - I'd been at work five minutes and my computer stopped working!
United got off to a good start with a goal in the fifth minute of the game.
The idea is to help preschoolers get off to a good start.
The French team got off to a good start in the relay but trailed behind Spain later in the race.
The day didn't get off to a very good start with one child sick and the other refusing to go to school.

shaky adjective
UK /ˈʃeɪ.ki/ US /ˈʃeɪ.ki/
shaky adjective (WEAK) not firm or strong:
It was a shaky marriage from the start.
The building’s foundations are pretty shaky.
Shaky also means uncertain:
The agreement is still shaky and hasn’t been approved yet.

1859年,講座で触れられているように,横浜港正式開港していますが,
この年は悪名高い安政の大獄吉田松陰が斬首されています。
ダーウィンの『種の起源』が刊行された年でもあります。

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

A Freestyle Skiing Record Breaker | January 30, 2023
First up on this Monday, we travel to Auckland, New Zealand where the city was hit with its average amount of rainfall for the entire month of January all in just one hour's time. We'll then examine news of protests that took place in multiple cities in the United States over the weekend after the release of a video of a police encounter that led to the death of Tyre Nichols. And last today, we'll chat with a free-style skiing phenom about how she harnesses the power of her mind to help her shine.

www.youtube.com

NHK WORLD ASIAN VIEW

www3.nhk.or.jp

2023年1月30日分を聞きました。

FA CUP

FA CUP, アーセナルマンチェスター・シティに負けてしまいましたが,
ブライトンの三笘薫選手のリヴァプール戦での決勝ボレー,
すごかったなあ。ナポリオシムヘン選手のゴールも合わせて。

www.youtube.com

www.youtube.com

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

AO 2023, ジョコビッチ,10回目の優勝!etc.

Australian Open 2023

男子シングルス決勝,ジョコビッチ選手がチチパス選手に
ストレート勝ち,オーストラリアン・オープン,10回目の優勝と
世界ランキング1位復帰を果たしました。おめでどうございます。
グランドスラム大会の優勝回数もナダル選手に並ぶ22回となりました。

そして,女子ダブルス決勝,青山修子・柴原瑛菜組,残念ながら,
第1シードのクレイチコバ・シニアコバ組相手にストレート負けでした。
午後,頭痛がひどくて,最初の3ゲームを観戦しただけでした。

王将戦第3局2日目

午前の封じ手開封と午後3時半過ぎからの終盤を視聴しました。
藤井聡太竜王五冠が危なげない指し回しで勝ち,2勝1敗としました。

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

How The Challenger Explosion Changed NASA’s Future
CNN shares what happened on the tragic day the Challenger exploded, including the astronauts' last words, the reaction of people on the ground, and President Ronald Reagan's speech to a grieving nation. When CNN aired the launch of the space shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986, no one could have known a catastrophe would unfold live on television. Watch to find out how the events of that day changed the course of human space flight.

www.youtube.com

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

AO 2023, サバレンカ初優勝!etc.

Australian Open 2023

女子シングルス決勝,サバレンカ選手が逆転勝ちで,
初優勝を飾りました。リバキナ選手,2つ目のタイトルならず。

王将戦第3局1日目

序盤,後手番の羽生善治九段が振り飛車なのか,雁木なのか,
なかなか戦型を絞らせない指し回しでした。
羽生九段が50手目を封じました。
封じ手の時刻よりも少し前の囲碁将棋プレミアムのAIの評価ですが,

4二玉 43%
5二玉 42%
7五歩 42%
9五歩 42%
4五角 42%

居玉を解消する指し手以外は攻め合いを選ぶことになるようです。
解説の中村太地七段は「5二玉」予想でした。

ABEMA師弟トーナメント2022

本戦準決勝1,チーム深浦vsチーム豊川戦は,
渡辺和史五段が師匠の二連敗をカバーする二連勝も,
最後,弟子対決で,佐々木大地七段に負けて,
チーム豊川,決勝進出ならず,チーム深浦が決勝へ。

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

将棋朝日杯は竜王同窓会へ!etc.

本日の将棋棋戦

朝日杯の対局が将棋会館で行われました。
午前の対局,ABEMAでは,渡辺明名人vs西田拓也五段戦および
佐藤天彦九段vs広瀬章人八段戦が配信されました。
西田五段は渡辺名人相手にかなりいい局面があったのですが,
最後,評価知的には二転三転していましたが,渡辺名人に屈しました。
天彦九段は後手番横歩取り,終始,互角以上の形勢で勝ち切りました。
ABEMAで配信のなかったもう片方の対局は,糸谷哲郎八段が
鈴木大介九段に,そして,三枚堂達也七段が稲葉陽八段に勝ち,
午後の対局へ。
午後の対局は渡辺名人が天彦九段に勝ち,糸谷八段が三枚堂七段に勝ち,
有楽町行きのチケットを手にしました。
これで,有楽町での対局者は全員,竜王経験者となりました。
準決勝は藤井聡太竜王vs豊島将之九段戦,渡辺名人vs糸谷八段戦。

王将戦予選,現役最年少棋士藤本渚四段が徳田拳士四段に勝ち,
高田明浩四段が黒田堯之五段に勝ちました。

Australian Open 2023

男子シングルス準決勝,チチパス選手はハチャノフ選手に3-1で勝利。
ジョコビッチ選手はポール選手相手にストレート勝ちでした。
決勝はジョコビッチvsチチパス戦となりました。
チチパス選手は優勝すると,世界ランキング1位になる大一番ですね。

そして,女子ダブルス,青山修子・柴原瑛菜組が決勝進出,
決勝は第1シードのクレイチコバ・シニアコバ組が相手です。

NHKラジオ講座

ニュースで学ぶ「現代英語」(2023年1月20日分)

食品ロス削減へ 取り組み広がる
COMPANIES INNOVATE TO CUT FOOD WASTE IN JAPAN

substandard adjective
UK /sʌbˈstæn.dəd/ US /sʌbˈstæn.dɚd/
below a satisfactory standard:
substandard housing/accommodation
substandard work/goods
Synonym inferior Compare deficient
inferior adjective
UK /ɪnˈfɪə.ri.ər/ US /ɪnˈfɪr.i.ɚ/
C1 not good, or not as good as someone or something else:
These products are inferior to those we bought last year.
She cited cases in which women had received inferior healthcare.
It was clear the group were regarded as intellectually/morally/socially inferior.
Compare superior adjective (BETTER)
deficient adjective
UK /dɪˈfɪʃ.ənt/ US /dɪˈfɪʃ.ənt/
not having enough of:
A diet deficient in vitamin D may cause the disease rickets.
not good enough:
His theory is deficient in several respects.

foodstuff noun [C]
UK /ˈfuːd.stʌf/ US /ˈfuːd.stʌf/
any substance that is used as food or to make food:
They lack basic foodstuffs, such as bread and milk.

peel noun [U]
UK /piːl/ US /piːl/
the skin of fruit and vegetables, especially after it has been removed:
apple peel
potato peel
The dessert was decorated with strips of lemon peel.
What shall I do with the peel?
stalk noun [C]
UK /stɔːk/ US /stɑːk/
the main stem of a plant, or the narrow stem that joins leaves, flowers, or fruit to the main stem of a plant:
She trimmed the stalks of the tulips before putting them in a vase.

proprietary adjective [before noun]
UK /prəˈpraɪə.tər.i/ US /prəˈpraɪə.ter.i/
Proprietary goods are made and sent out by a particular company whose name is on the product:
proprietary medicines
;以前のニュースでも出てきましたが,覚えておらず。。。orz

eatery noun [C] informal
UK /ˈiː.tər.i/ US /ˈiː.t̬ɚ.ri/
a restaurant:
We met in a little eatery just off the main road.

dump verb [T]
UK /dʌmp/ US /dʌmp/
dump verb [T] (PUT DOWN)
C2 to put down or drop something in a careless way:
The car was dumped in a stretch of wasteland in the south of the city.

www.oisixradaichi.co.jp

www.env.go.jp

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

Has Earth's Core Stopped Spinning? | January 27, 2023
Has the Earth's inner core stopped turning? A new study draws attention to what's going on 3,000 miles below our feet. This Friday, we'll examine why scientists are debating seismic records to better understand what's happening at the core of it all. We'll then travel to rural China where many families are reuniting for the first time in years during the first week of the Lunar New Year. Join us for a firsthand look at the world's largest annual human migration. And last up this week, we'll visit Antarctica to get a bird's eye view of a massive iceberg roughly the size of London.

www.youtube.com

Coy Wire氏,復帰しました。

calve verb
intransitive verb
of an ice mass : to separate or break so that a part becomes detached
transitive verb
of an ice mass : to let become detached

地球のコアの話なら,やはり以下の映画かなあ。
www.youtube.com

NHK WORLD ASIAN VIEW

www3.nhk.or.jp

2023年1月27日分を聞きました。

当地の英検の定番会場,専修大学松戸高等学校
春の選抜高校野球,出場します。おめでどうございます。

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

銀河戦,女流棋士全員,散る!etc.

本日の将棋棋戦

竜王戦2組ランキング戦,斎藤慎太郎八段が増田康宏六段に勝ち,
菅井竜也八段が佐藤和俊七段に勝ちました。
叡王戦本戦トーナメント,近藤誠也七段が大橋貴洸六段との同門対決に勝ち,
叡王戦ベスト8が出揃いました。
第31期銀河戦,本日放送の安用寺孝功七段vs西山朋佳女流二冠戦,
西山女流二冠が最後,粘りを見せるも安用寺七段が勝ちました。
これで,加藤桃子女流三段,伊藤沙恵女流名人,里見香奈女流五冠,
西山女流二冠と女流棋士はブロック1回戦で全員敗退となってしまいました。

Australian Open 2023

女子シングルス準決勝,リバキナ選手がアザレンカ選手に勝ち,
サバレンカ選手はリネッテ選手に勝ち,両者が決勝で激突します。

NHKラジオ講座

ニュースで学ぶ「現代英語」(2023年1月19日分)

培養肉普及へ ルール作りを呼びかけ
RESEARCHERS CALL FOR CULTURED MEAT RULES IN JAPAN

stride noun
UK /straɪd/ US /straɪd/
stride noun (DEVELOPMENT)
[C] an important positive development:
The West made impressive strides in improving energy efficiency after the huge rises in oil prices during the 70s.
The group has made strides to expand internationally.

mitigate verb [T] formal
UK /ˈmɪt.ɪ.ɡeɪt/ US /ˈmɪt̬.ə.ɡeɪt/
to make something less harmful, unpleasant, or bad:
It is unclear how to mitigate the effects of tourism on the island.
Compare extenuate formal
extenuate verb [T] formal
UK /ɪkˈsten.ju.eɪt/ US /ɪkˈsten.ju.eɪt/
to cause a wrong act to be judged less seriously by giving reasons for it:
He was unable to say anything that might have extenuated his behaviour.

in vitro adjective [before noun], adverb
UK /ˌɪn ˈviː.trəʊ/ US /ˌɪn ˈviː.troʊ/
happening outside the body in artificial conditions, often in a test tube:
Scientists are studying these cells in vitro.
in vitro experiments

regenerative adjective
UK /rɪˈdʒen.ə.rə.tɪv/ US /rɪˈdʒen.ə.rə.t̬ɪv/
regenerative adjective (GROWING)
BIOLOGY, MEDICAL specialized
relating to something growing or being grown again:
Scientists hope to transform the cells into replacement parts for damaged organs, heralding a new age of regenerative medicine.
On his wheat farm he saw firsthand the regenerative powers of fire on cropland.

sanitation noun [U]
UK /ˌsæn.ɪˈteɪ.ʃən/ US /ˌsæn.əˈteɪ.ʃən/
the systems for taking dirty water and other waste products away from buildings in order to protect people's health:
Many illnesses in these temporary refugee camps are the result of inadequate sanitation.

appropriate verb [T] formal
UK /əˈprəʊ.pri.eɪt/ US /əˈproʊ.pri.eɪt/
appropriate verb [T] (TAKE)
to take something for your own use, usually without permission:
He lost his job when he was found to have appropriated some of the company's money.
;以下の意味でTOEICで出題された記憶がある。
appropriate verb [T] (KEEP MONEY)
to keep an amount of money to use for a particular purpose:
The government have appropriated millions of pounds for the project.

Back-Translation Training
培養肉は作られます / 動物の細胞から培養された組織で / 人工的に。
Cultured meat is made / with tissue cultivated from animal cells / in vitro.
●Transformation Training
培養肉は作られます / 実験室で肉を培養することによって。
Cultured meat is made / by cultivating meat in the lab.

www.nissin.com

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

The U.S. Government Sues Google | January 26, 2023

Google is in the headlines this Thursday because the U.S. Justice Department has sued the company accusing them of harming their competition in the online ad market. They say Google has used unlawful means to create a monopoly over digital advertising. We'll examine the latest details of the case. We then turn to Russia's war in Ukraine. Where on Wednesday, Ukraine received what's being called a major sign of support from the U.S. and Germany. The nations both announced that they're sending tanks to the frontline in Ukraine. A decision that is being called "a turning point in the war."

本日分のホストはOmar Jimenzさんがつとめました。

www.youtube.com

NHK WORLD ASIAN VIEW

https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/radio/asianview/

2023年1月26日分を聞きました。

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!

AO 2023, 男女単四強が出揃う!etc.

Australian Open 2023

女子シングルス準々決勝2日目,プリスコバ選手,優勝のチャンスと
思っていたのですが,ノーシードのリネッテ選手にストレート負け。
サバレンカ選手は相性の悪かったベキッチ選手にストレート勝ちでした。
明後日の準決勝,サバレンカvsリネッテ戦となりました。
男子シングルス準々決勝2日目,ポール選手がシェルトン選手に3-1で勝ち,
ジョコビッチ選手はルブレフ選手にストレート勝ち,両者が準決勝で激突。

NHKラジオ講座

ニュースで学ぶ「現代英語」(2023年1月18日分)

そば 輸入価格高騰で国産にシフト
FIRM TO GROW MORE BUCKWHEAT AT HOME TO OFFSET RISING IMPORT COSTS

buckwheat noun [U]
UK /ˈbʌk.wiːt/ US /ˈbʌk.wiːt/
small, dark grain used for feeding animals and for making flour

bid noun [C]
UK /bɪd/ US /bɪd/
bid noun [C] (ATTEMPT)
C2 an attempt to achieve or get something:
Her bid for re-election was unsuccessful.
The company has managed to fight off a hostile takeover bid (= an attempt by another company to take control of it).
They have reduced the cost of borrowing in a bid to get the economy moving again.

acreage noun [C or U]
UK /ˈeɪ.kər.ɪdʒ/ US /ˈeɪ.kɚ.ɪdʒ/
the size of an area of land in acres (= a unit for measuring area, equal to 4,047 square metres or 4,840 square yards), or an area of land that can be measured in acres:
What acreage is her estate?
It was a huge farm with substantial acreage.
acre noun [C]
UK /ˈeɪ.kər/ US /ˈeɪ.kɚ/
C2 a unit for measuring area, equal to 4,047 square metres or 4,840 square yards:
He's got 400 acres of land in Russia.

nikkoku.co.jp

ENGLISH NEWS

CNN 10

Is Ticketmaster A Monopoly? | January 25, 2023
We're going to begin this Wednesday with the latest news on Ticketmaster. The company promotes itself as a way to buy and sell tickets online for concerts, sports, and theater events. But, is Ticketmaster a monopoly? A hearing on Capitol Hill this week will ask if the company's practices are harming consumers and if anything should be done about it. Then, we'll be talking about the future of work. With more companies now requiring employees to work from the office, what does this mean for the future of remote and hybrid jobs?

www.youtube.com

本日分のホストはJon Sarlinさんがつとめました。

NHK WORLD ASIAN VIEW

www3.nhk.or.jp

2023年1月25日分を聞きました。

当地では雪は降らず,お昼は日差しが射して,
外気温が低い割に,室内温度はそれほど低くなりませんでした。

STOP RUSSIAN INVASION!