The First Day Of Fall | September 22, 2022
It's officially fall and today we're explaining the science behind the autumnal equinox. We're also traveling to Australia to learn about a scientist using a network of sound recording devices to track an endangered species of bird. And finally, our own Coy Wire chats with two sports icons about their secrets to success.
Folklore and Fairy Tales
How a Fish Swan in the Air and a Rabbit in the Water ~Folklore from Ukraine~
UN REPORT: 'SERIOUS HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES' IN XINJIANG
extremism noun [U]
UK /ɪkˈstriː.mɪ.zəm/ US /ɪkˈstriː.mɪ.zəm/
the fact of someone having beliefs that most people think are unreasonable and unacceptable:
UK /ˈtɔː.tʃər/ US /ˈtɔːr.tʃɚ/
C2 [U] the act of causing great physical or mental pain in order to persuade someone to do something or to give information, or to be cruel to a person or animal:
Half of the prisoners died after torture and starvation.
He revealed the secret under torture.
starvation noun [U]
UK /stɑːˈveɪ.ʃən/ US /stɑːrˈveɪ.ʃən/
C2 the state of having no food for a long period, often causing death:
20 million people face starvation unless a vast emergency aid programme is launched.
The animals had died of starvation.
figurative They pay starvation wages (= not enough money to live on).
UK /ˈkruː.əl/ US /ˈkruː.əl/
crueller | cruellest or crueler | cruelest
B1 extremely unkind and unpleasant and causing pain to people or animals intentionally:
Don't tease him about his weight - it's cruel.
Children can be very cruel to each other.
UK /vəʊˈkeɪ.ʃən.əl/ US /voʊˈkeɪ.ʃən.əl/
C1 (of an educational course or a qualification) providing knowledge and skills that prepare you for a particular job:
The Swedes regard vocational training as a part of a young person's education.
All our trainees are given the opportunity to work towards a recognized vocational qualification.
Our aim is to transform vocational education and bridge the academic-vocational divide.
When I was a mathematics student many years ago, some people looked down on engineering as being purely vocational.
UK /smɪər/ US /smɪr/
smear verb (ACCUSE)
[T] to publicly accuse someone of something unpleasant, unreasonable, or unlikely to be true in order to harm their reputation:
She decided to sue for libel after the newspaper smeared her private life.
The UN Human Rights Office says / China's treatment of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities / may constitute crimes against humanity.
The UN Human Rights Office says serious human rights violations have been committed under China's policies to fight terrorism and extremism.