ally noun [C]
uk /ˈæl.aɪ/ us /ˈæl.aɪ/
C1 someone who helps and supports someone else:
He is generally considered to be the prime minister's closest political ally.
uk /kəˈmjuːt/ us /kəˈmjuːt/
commute verb (CHANGE)
[T] law specialized
to change a punishment to one that is less severe:
Her sentence was commuted from death to life imprisonment.
(from Cambridge Dictionary)
spare (speəʳ) VERB
If you spare someone an unpleasant experience, you prevent them from suffering it.
I wanted to spare Frances the embarrassment of discussing this subject.
Prisoners are spared the indignity of wearing uniforms.
meddle verb [I] disapproving
UK /ˈmed.əl/ US /ˈmed.əl/
to try to change or have an influence on things that are not your
responsibility, especially by criticizing in a damaging or annoying way:
My sister's always meddling in other people's affairs.
People shouldn't meddle with things they don't understand.
hoax noun [C]
UK /həʊks/ US /hoʊks/
a plan to deceive someone, such as telling the police there is a bomb
somewhere when there is not one, or a trick:
The bomb threat turned out to be a hoax.
He'd made a hoax call claiming to be the president.
undermine verb [T]
UK /ˌʌn.dəˈmaɪn/ US /ˌʌn.dɚˈmaɪn/
C2 to make someone less confident, less powerful, or less likely to
succeed, or to make something weaker, often gradually:
The president has accused two cabinet members of working secretly to undermine his position/him.
Criticism just undermines their confidence.
abuse verb [T]
UK /əˈbjuːz/ US /əˈbjuːz/
abuse verb [T] (USE WRONGLY)
to use something for the wrong purpose in a way that is harmful or morally wrong:
She is continually abusing her position/authority by getting other people to do things for her.
I never expected that he would abuse the trust I placed in him.
to abuse alcohol
A summer cold is not cured easily.